Tuesday, February 7, 2012

World's Top 21 Largest Oil Refineries -- OGJ

by David Rachovich


World's Largest Refineries (minimum capacity of 400,000 b/cd) 



Rank

Company


Location
Crude Capacity, barrels per calendar day (b/cd)
1.
Paraguana Refining Center*
Cardon/Judibana, Falcon, Venezuela
940,000
2.
SK Innovation
Ulsan, South Korea
840,000
3.
GS Caltex Corp.
Yeosu, South Korea
760,000
4.
Reliance Petroleum Ltd. [merged with RIL since 2009]
Jamnagar, India
660,000
5.
ExxonMobil Refining & Supply Co.
Jurong/Pulau Ayer Chawan, Singapore
605,000
6.
Reliance Industries Ltd. [RIL]
Jamnagar, India
580,000
7.
S-Oil Corp.
Onsan, South Korea
565,000
8.
ExxonMobil Refining & Supply Co.
Baytown,** Texas, USA
560,500
9.
Saudi Arabian Oil Co. (Saudi Aramco)
Ras Tanura, Saudi Arabia
550,000
10.
Formosa Petrochemical Co.
Mailiao, Taiwan
540,000
11.
ExxonMobil Refining & Supply Co.
Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA
502,500
12.
Hovensa LLC
St. Croix, Virgin Islands, USA
500,000
13.
Marathon Petroleum Co. LLC
Garyville, Louisiana, USA
490,000
14.
Kuwait National Petroleum Co.
Mina Al-Ahmadi, Kuwait
466,000
15.
Shell Eastern Petroleum (Pte) Ltd.
Pulau, Bukom, Singapore
462,000
16.
BP PLC
Texas City, Texas, USA
451,250
17.
Citgo Petroleum Corp.
Lake Charles, Louisiana, USA
440,000
18.
Shell Nederland Raffinaderij B.V.
Pernis, Netherlands
404,000
19.
Sinopec
Zhenhai, China
403,000
20.
Saudi Arabian Oil Co. (Saudi Aramco)
Rabigh, Saudi Arabia
400,000
21.
Saudi Aramco-Mobil
Yanbu, Saudi Arabia
400,000

Notes: OGJ data show that Marathon Petroleum Co. LLC moved from No. 17 to No.13 on the list during 2011please see the previous post "World's Top 21 Largest Oil Refineries – OGJ," Feb 19, 2011. Reliance Industries Limited (RIL) has 1.24 million barrels per day of crude processing capacity [i.e. No. 4 Jamnagar + No. 6 Jamnagar, above], the largest at any single location in the world – please see RIL's website here – D.R. For 2011, OGJ's survey shows total capacity of 88,055,552 bc/d in 655 refineries. For 2010, OGJ's previous survey shows total capacity at more than 88.2 million b/cd in 662 refineries, an increase of 1 million b/cd over the figure for 2009 of 87.2 million b/cd for 661 refineries. OGJ's refinery survey for 2008 listed a global capacity of 85.6 million b/cd in 655 refineries. – Please read Warren R. True and Leena Koottungal, "Global Capacity Growth Reverses; Asian, Mideast Refineries Progress," OGJ, Dec 5, 2011; "Global Capacity Growth Slows, But Asian Refineries Bustle," OGJ, Dec 6, 2010. South Korea is home to three of the ten largest crude oil refineries in the world – SK Innovation's Ulsan (No. 2), GS Caltex's Yeosu (No. 3) and S-Oil's Onsan (No. 7), according to OGJ data above. Hess Corporation said in a statement on Jan 18, 2012, the Hovensa LLC refinery (No. 12 above) in St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands, a joint venture between Hess and Petroleos de Venezuela S.A., the state-owned oil company of Venezuela, will be shut down, after the refinery saw continued losses over several years. Following the shutdown, the complex will operate as an oil storage terminal---please see Hess website – D.R.

*The Paraguana Refining Center (Centro de Refinacion Paraguana/CRP) or Complex is the result of the merger in 1997 of three refineries: the Amuay refinery, the Cardon refinery and the Bajo Grande refinery, and currently considered the world's second largest refinery complex, after the Jamnagar complex (No. 4 Jamnagar + No. 6 Jamnagar, above) in India---please see notes above. The Paraguana Refining Center has the nominal capacity to refine 955,000 barrels of crude oil per day. -- D.R

**Update 1: Royal Dutch Shell Plc and Saudi Aramco became co-owners of the largest U.S. refinery when a new crude distillation unit at their joint-venture Motiva Enterprises Port Arthur, Texas, plant received oil for the first time. The 325,000 barrel-per-day (bpd) atmospheric crude distillation unit that started processing combines with existing crude units to give Motiva's Port Arthur, Texas, refinery a total crude oil refining capacity of 600,000 bpd, said Shell Chief Financial Officer Simon Henry during the company's first quarter earnings call. With the startup of the new Port Arthur crude unit, Exxon Mobil Corp's Baytown, Texas, refinery becomes the second-largest refinery in the United States---please see "Motiva Port Arthur refinery becomes U.S. largest - Shell," Reuters, Apr 26, 2012. Update 2: But by far the biggest refining story in North America in 2012 centered on the massive expansion at Motiva Enterprise LLC's Port Arthur, Tex., refinery. The 325,000-b/d, $10 billion expansion, largest at a US refinery in nearly 40 years and designed for feedstock flexibility, was dedicated on May 31, raising capacity to 600,000 b/d and making it the largest US refinery. On June 9, 2012, however, the new crude distillation unit sprung leaks traced to massive corrosion; a fire ensued and the expansion was shut down. Motiva has since traced the problem to faulty design. The unit will not restart before the end of first-quarter 2013, if then---please see Warren R. True and Leena Koottungal, "Asia, Middle East lead modest recovery in global refining," OGJ, Dec 3, 2012 - D.R.)

Source: Oil & Gas Journal, Dec 5, 2011

(For the outlook for Europe's refiners, please see "Europe’s refiners fall on hard times" - http://FT.com - Oil & Gas http://on.ft.com/xQoYU0 Also, please see "Top 10 Largest Refining Companies in Asia," Feb 13, 2012. Breaking News: On August 25, 2012, a massive blast at Venezuela's largest oil refinery, the 645,000 b/d Amuay refinery (part of the Paraguana Refinery Complex, please see table and notes above), on Paraguana peninsula, has left at least 39 people dead and dozens others injured. A gas leak is being blamed for the blast. Update: Please see my post "World's Top 21 Largest Oil Refineries -- OGJ," OGJ, Jan 6, 2013. -- D.R.)

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